Difference between revisions of "Multichannel"

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(Test Streams)
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'''Multichannel''' refers to audio streams with more than two channels. The most usual multichannel setups are 5.1 (five main channels: front center, front right, front left, rear right, rear left and one [[LFE|Low Frequency Extension]] channel) and 6.1 (the five channels from 5.1 + back center).
 
'''Multichannel''' refers to audio streams with more than two channels. The most usual multichannel setups are 5.1 (five main channels: front center, front right, front left, rear right, rear left and one [[LFE|Low Frequency Extension]] channel) and 6.1 (the five channels from 5.1 + back center).
  
Formerly limited to movie theaters, multichannel audio has became popular since the introduction of the DVD video format. The two competitors to the title of CD successor, [[DVD-Audio]] and [[SACD]], can also offer multichannel content.
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Formerly limited to movie theaters, multichannel audio has became popular since the introduction of the DVD video format. The two competitors to the title of CD successor, [[DVD-Audio]] and [[Super Audio Compact Disc|SACD]], can also offer multichannel content.
  
Some formats that support multichannel encoding are: [[AAC]], [[Ogg Vorbis]], [[WMA]] Pro, [[AC3]], [[DTS]], [[FLAC]] and [[WavPack]].
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Some formats that support multichannel encoding are: [[Advanced Audio Coding|AAC]], (Ogg) [[Vorbis]], [[Windows Media Audio|WMA]] Pro, [[AC3]], [[DTS]], [[Free Lossless Audio Codec|FLAC]] and [[WavPack]].
  
 
There's no standard channel mapping for multichannel streams, and each vendor (Microsoft, Dolby, MPEG, Xiph...) creates its own or copies it from another vendor.
 
There's no standard channel mapping for multichannel streams, and each vendor (Microsoft, Dolby, MPEG, Xiph...) creates its own or copies it from another vendor.
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Multichannel recordings are often referred to as "Surround".
 
Multichannel recordings are often referred to as "Surround".
  
 
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= Test Streams =
=Test Streams=
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[[User:rjamorim|rjamorim]] prepared some test streams so that you can check if your surround setup speakers are positioned correctly. The [[AC3]] and [[DTS]] streams follow the standards set by the developers of such technologies (they were encoded with official encoders). The AAC stream was created with [[Compaact!]], and it's impossible to guarantee that all channels will be decoded at their correct places when playing back with different AAC decoders. If you can, test the AAC stream with Compaact's "official" players - Mpegable [http://www.mpegable.net/download/DS/mpegableDSdecoder-Setup.exe DirectShow Decoder] or [http://www.mpegable.net/download/Player/mpegablePlayer-Setup.exe Player].  
 
[[User:rjamorim|rjamorim]] prepared some test streams so that you can check if your surround setup speakers are positioned correctly. The [[AC3]] and [[DTS]] streams follow the standards set by the developers of such technologies (they were encoded with official encoders). The AAC stream was created with [[Compaact!]], and it's impossible to guarantee that all channels will be decoded at their correct places when playing back with different AAC decoders. If you can, test the AAC stream with Compaact's "official" players - Mpegable [http://www.mpegable.net/download/DS/mpegableDSdecoder-Setup.exe DirectShow Decoder] or [http://www.mpegable.net/download/Player/mpegablePlayer-Setup.exe Player].  
  
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* [http://wiki.hydrogenaudio.org/upload/test.m4a AAC stream] 58kB
 
* [http://wiki.hydrogenaudio.org/upload/test.m4a AAC stream] 58kB
  
 
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== See also ==
==See also==
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* [[Stereo]]
 
* [[Stereo]]
 
* [[Mono]]
 
* [[Mono]]

Latest revision as of 13:27, 14 June 2007

Multichannel refers to audio streams with more than two channels. The most usual multichannel setups are 5.1 (five main channels: front center, front right, front left, rear right, rear left and one Low Frequency Extension channel) and 6.1 (the five channels from 5.1 + back center).

Formerly limited to movie theaters, multichannel audio has became popular since the introduction of the DVD video format. The two competitors to the title of CD successor, DVD-Audio and SACD, can also offer multichannel content.

Some formats that support multichannel encoding are: AAC, (Ogg) Vorbis, WMA Pro, AC3, DTS, FLAC and WavPack.

There's no standard channel mapping for multichannel streams, and each vendor (Microsoft, Dolby, MPEG, Xiph...) creates its own or copies it from another vendor.

Multichannel recordings are often referred to as "Surround".

Test Streams[edit]

rjamorim prepared some test streams so that you can check if your surround setup speakers are positioned correctly. The AC3 and DTS streams follow the standards set by the developers of such technologies (they were encoded with official encoders). The AAC stream was created with Compaact!, and it's impossible to guarantee that all channels will be decoded at their correct places when playing back with different AAC decoders. If you can, test the AAC stream with Compaact's "official" players - Mpegable DirectShow Decoder or Player.

In this test, a synthetic voice will say out loud the position where each stream should be coming from.

See also[edit]